Sadly, many in circles of Christendom have embraced behavior and practices which the Bible clearly condemns. Some have the mistaken notion that Christ in his matchless grace came to save us in our sins, not deliver us from our sins. Christ didn’t   come so that we could continue in the same destructive lifestyles, but to deliver us that we would walk in newness of life. The Savior’s words to the woman caught in the act of adultery to who He had extended forgiveness was, “Go and sin no more”  (John 8:11).  Grace didn’t free her to continue in  her sin, but grace freed her from her sin. The Church has lost its witness and has become weak because it has in many instances become a “sanctuary city” for sins which the Bible warns those who persist in such lifestyles  “shall not inherit the kingdom of God” (I Corinthians 6:9-11).

In Corinth we find a church that was abusing grace. Paul in writing to the chaotic church at Corinth pens these inspired words, Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 11And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the LORD Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.” (I Cor. 9-11).

The Apostle is rather clear in his denouncing certain behavioral lifestyles which characterizes a person’s life which disqualifies them from entrance into the Kingdom of God. Let’s look at the lifestyles which Paul mentions in verses nine and ten which will find one standing outside the doorway to the Kingdom of God.

Fornicators – The Greek word is πορνοι (pornoi), which is a general term for all kinds of sexual vices and behavior. Paul puts it at the head of a shameful list of sins. Sexual practices and perversion was rampant in the city of Corinth and abounds in our culture of today, as well.

Idolaters – The Greek word is ειδωλολατραι (eidololatrai) which means an image worshipper. Corinth was flood with idol worship. Idolatry and immorality are usually Siamese twins, they exist side by side.  An idol doesn’t have to be a marble statue, but anything that takes the place of God in our life is an idol. Men today worship the idol of sports, money, jobs, status, power, etc. Anytime the God of heaven is replaced with an idol one is susceptible to the chronic danger of a life devoid of the Creator God and is subject to living without restraints which leads to immorality.

Adulterers – The Greek word is μοιχοι (moichoi) which is a primary word for one unfaithful and literally means a male paramour; figuratively it refers to an apostate. The word is only used four times in the NT and is used in the context of unfaithfulness to a spouse or unfaithfulness to God.

Effeminate – The Greek word is μαλακοι (malakos), which literally means those who are soft and effeminate, those who have lost their manhood.  James Macknight writes that this word is translated from a Greek word meaning “catamite,” the technical word for “a boy used in a sexual relationship between an adult man and a preadolescent or adolescent boy. Catamites were the passive partners in sodomy” (Macknight, Apostolical Epistles and Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1969), 88).

Abusers of themselves with Mankind – The Greek word is most interesting, it is (arsenokoitai – are-sen-o-koy-tai) which became a generic term for all homosexual practice. Arsenokoitai is a compound word: arseno is the word for “a male,” and koitai is the word for “mat” or “bed.” Put the two halves together, and the word means “a male bed”—that is, a person who makes use of a “male-only bed” or a “bed for males.” The word is only used twice in the NT, the other in I Timothy 1:10 and clearly refers to two people of the same sex having sexual relations. New Testament scholar and former dean at Catholic University of America, Raymond F. Collins, in his book Sexual Ethics and the New Testament: Belief and Behavior (2000), writes that Paul probably coined the word arsenokoitai and etymologically means “bedding down with a man,” as it is not found in any other Greek literature before Paul uses of the term. According to note 70 (p. 99) the Liddell-Scott Greek lexicon indicates that this coined word of Paul’s seems to be a Greek translation of the Hebrew used in rabbinic texts based on Lev 18:22,  “lying with a man as with a woman.”

Roman and Greek culture was given over to homosexuality, which helped led to their demise. All cultures that have given themselves over to such an unrestrained lifestyle find themselves in the closing stages leading to the eventual collapse of its civilization.   Regarding those engaged in the active lifestyle of such behavior, it should be remembered that the Apostle of Jesus Christ condemned such persons in judgment that they shall not inherit the kingdom of God. And what is to be thought of churches which not only condone this sin, but in widely publicized cases have ordained to the ministry those who live in such a lifestyle? This writer agrees with James Burton Coffman who writes, “It is the judgment of this writer that churches exhibiting such a total disregard of the New Testament have, in so doing, forfeited all identity with Christianity.” (For a treat of the prevalence of such a lifestyle, see William Barclay, The Letters to the Corinthians (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1954), 60.)

Thieves – The Greek word is κλεπται (Kleptai), from where we get our word kleptomaniac. It refers to one who is continually taking from other what is not rightly theirs.

Covetous – The Greek word is πλεονεκται (pleonektai) and it describes “the spirit which is always reaching after more and grabbing that to which it has no right.” It is aggressive getting. It describes one whose aim is to get in order to spend, so that it can live in more luxury and greater pleasure; and it cares not over whom it take advantage so long as it gets what it wants.

Drunkards –  The Greek word is  μεθυσοι (methusoi) which means uncontrolled drinking. Normally the Greeks were sober people, for their drink was three parts of wine mixed with two of water. However, in luxury-loving Corinth uncontrolled drunkenness abounded.

Revilers – The Greek word is  λοιδοροι (loidoroi) meaning abusive, railer, reproach; used of injuring another’s reputation by denigrating, abusive insults, a rude or unscrupulous person, a person who uses foul or abusive language.

Extortionists – The Greek word is αρπαγες (harpax) which meant grasping; it is used for a certain kind of wolf and also for the grappling irons by which ships were boarded in naval battles. It is the spirit which grasps that to which it has no right with a kind of savage ferocity.

What a shameful list of destructive behaviors Paul says excludes one from entering the Kingdom of God. Yet the Good News is that one doesn’t have to be trapped in the persistent grip of such lifestyles, for Paul writes in 1 Corinthians 6:11. “And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the LORD Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.”  Paul acknowledges that many in Corinth had been delivered from such lifestyles. No matter the destructive behaviors, lifestyles, attitudes that are in one’s life, Paul proclaims that the Good News of God’s grace in Christ one can be cleansed and forgiven from their sins and set on a new path which will find the unfolding of God’s intended purpose for which one was  created.

We live in a day when sin is dismissed as an antiquated word and any behavior regardless of its destructive consequences personally or socially, is deemed as acceptable. The fallacy of such thinking is visible in the chaos and collapsing of our society and the destructive consequences that we see in the lives of individuals. Paul is clear that one need not remain bound in behavior that will exclude them from the Kingdom of God, but there is deliverance in Jesus Christ. And it is Paul’s insistence that as Christians, if we name His name, that we are to not persist in such behaviors  but forsake destructive lifestyles, realizing we are not our own and  are called to glorify the One who has transformed our lives.

Let us not embrace or follow lifestyles which society or apostate churches endorses yet which the Bible condemns, but let us forsake those lifestyles which are destructive to our individual lives and detract from bringing honor and glory to the One who gave His life to redeem us from our sin.  “For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s” (I Cor. 6:20). Amen.


Dr. Dan












Paul was a remarkable man. A Jew by birth, he was a relentless persecutor of Christians until he had a personal encounter with the resurrected Christ on the road to Damascus (Acts 9). He was instructed by the Lord that he would be an Apostle to the Gentiles. What a vessel the Lord had chosen to carry the Good News of Christ’s redemptive power to most of the known world of that day. Paul was a man of vast knowledge who received his education at the school of Gamaliel (Acts 22:3), one of the most noted rabbis in history. The education he received was in his ancestral law, yet he also had broad exposure to classical literature, philosophy and ethics. He spoke Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic and Latin. Paul could go toe to toe with the most brilliant minds he encountered.

Paul’s knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature is clearly seen in Acts 17:16-34 when he encountered Epicurean and Stoic philosophers in Athens. As Paul engages them in a conversation in an attempt to introduce them to the resurrected Christ, he uses quotes from their own philosophers as a way to connect with them and as springboard to point them to Christ. Paul in his tactfulness quoted shadows of truths found in their own philosophers to “declare” that in Christ is found more than shadows of truth but the full Light of God’s Truth (Acts 17:23).

Paul no doubt had the Athenian’s  attention as this Jew quoted and alluded to philosophers with whom they were familiar. He begins by saying, “God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands” (Acts 17:24). Paul is drawing from Seneca, the prominent Roman Stoic philosopher, who wrote, “Temples are not to be built to God of stones piled on high…the whole world is the temple of the immortal gods.”

In verse 25 Paul continues, “Neither is worshipped with men’s hands, as though he needed anything, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things.” Once again Paul alludes to Seneca who stated: “God wants not ministers. How so? He himself ministereth breath to the human race.”

In verse 26-28a Paul says, “26And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation; 27That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us: 28For in him we live, and move, and have our being,” Again, the Apostle shows his knowledge of the writings of Seneca who wrote, “We are members of a vast body. Nature made us kin, when she produced us from the same things and to the same ends” and “God is at hand everywhere and to all men.”  and again, “God is near thee; he is with thee; he is within.”

In verse 28b Paul says to the Athenians that he is quoting from “certain of your own poets” when he says, “For we are also his offspring.”  The poet to which Paul was referring was Aratus who lived in the third century BC, who wrote that “all are the offspring of God.”

In verse 29 Paul declares, “Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device.” Paul once again alludes to the Stoic philosopher Seneca who stated: “Thou shalt not form him of silver and gold: a true likeness of God cannot be molded of this material.”

Grabbing the attention of the Athenians with his knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature, Paul calls on them to repent for God has appointed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness by Jesus whom He has ordained and by raising Him from the dead has given to man the assurance that He is the ultimate truth (Acts 17:30-31).

Paul in his proclamation to the Athenians used his knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature as a way to connect with his hearers and grab their attention. While Paul acknowledged there were shadows of truths found in human philosophy, the full Light of Truth was found in Jesus Christ who reveals to us the Divine and in whom is found the fullness of God (John 1:16; Col. 2:9). The Greeks sought after wisdom (I Cor. 1:22), but Paul sought to point them to the truth that true Wisdom is found only in Jesus Christ (I Cor. 1:30).

From Athens Paul traveled to Corinth where he clearly states that the philosophical wisdom of man compared to the wisdom of God is foolishness and will never bring forth the answers to life which man is searching (I Cor 2:1-7). Only the Christ of the cross, which transcends the wisdom of man, is sufficient to redeem a lost humanity and supply man with the answers to life’s age-old questions. While Paul over twenty times in his epistles alludes to shadows of truths found in Greek philosophers like Plato, Socrates, Epimenides, Menander,  and Seneca, he did so as a way to affirm there are certain universal truths that connect all humanity, but the brightness of full truth and wisdom is only found in the revelation of the Light of Jesus Christ who “is the image of the invisible God” (Col. 1:15).

As a reader over the last fifty years of many philosophical meanderings of man, this writer finds it glaringly notable that philosophers down through the ages have not yet attained answers to man’s reoccurring  major questions: “Is there a God and can he be known?” “How can a man be right with God?” “How can one find forgiveness of their sins?”   “Is there an answer to the evil that abounds?” “How can man’s behavior be changed?” “If a man die shall he live again?” These questions and many more, philosophers have grappled with down through the ages, yet their philosophical systems are all inadequate in finding answers to these important questions.

Paul informs us that the Wisdom for which man searches is found in Christ who answers man’s most burning questions. The difference between Christianity and philosophy is that the latter is human thinking and wisdom, while Christianity is the revelation and wisdom of God.  Christ is the way, the truth and the life (John 14:6). He is the fulness of God who clothed himself in human flesh to reveal the Divine to humanity (John 1:1-3, 14). He is the One who can forgive all our sins (I John 1:7-10). He is the One who can make a thief honest, the impure pure, the drunkard sober, the addict clean, the prideful humble, the weak strong, the hater one who loves. Found in Christ is the One the searching heart longs to discover.

While some see philosophy as a natural complement to theological reflection, Paul assures us that shadows of truth may be found in the philosophical wisdom of man, but the full Light of God’s revelation and wisdom can only be found in Jesus Christ who is Truth. It is impossible for human logic to find the truths found in Christianity. Let us not be satisfied with the shadows of truths of human wisdom, but embrace the revelation and wisdom of God found in Christ in whom is found answers, hope and strength in the face of everyday living and who “hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel” (II Timothy 1:10).


Dr. Dan



October has arrived.  It was in October, half-a-century ago,  that  I made the most important decision of my life. Fifty years ago, on the evening of October 5, 1970, I trusted Christ as my Savior.  As a freshman attending Campbell University, on that life-changing autumn evening, my life was altered forever. Attending a crusade being held on the college campus, as the words of the evangelist penetrated my heart, I realized I had sinned against a holy God, but our Creator God became the Redeemer of humanity in Jesus Christ. He who knew no sin became sin for me that I might become the righteousness of God in Him. Embracing Him as my Savior, I began embarking upon a journey that I could have never imagined. Ah, amazing grace!!

Over the last half-a-century I have been asked on many occasions, “Why are you a Christian?” I will answer that question with a story from the days of the Roman Empire.

There was once a wealthy Roman senator who had become most influential in the political arena. He desired that his only son follow him into politics, but his son was not interested in governmental affairs. His son was more interested in living a life without restraint and indulging in behavior that brought heartache and shame to his well-known father.

In time the young man left home with his partying companions to live a life of reckless abandonment. For a while he kept in touch with his father, but as time passed their relationship become more and more strained and all contact was discontinued. That broke the father’s heart, but what could he do.

He continued to faithfully serve as a Roman Senator, but he realized as time passed he would not see his wayward son again. As the wealthy senator grew older he decided to change his will, which had stated everything was to go to his only son. Presuming his son was dead, he rewrote the will and left his vast wealth to his trusty servant who had been with him most of his life. However, he made one stipulation in the will, that if his son ever returned he was allowed to choose one thing from his estate.

Not long after revising his will the Senator passed away. A most influential man, word of his passing spread throughout the Roman Empire. Word of his passing eventually made it to the ears of his son. Heartbroken at hearing of his father’s death, he realized how he had wasted his life and had broken his father’s heart. Repentant, he made his way back home. Upon arriving he was told of his father’s change of the will. He was informed his father’s vast wealth was to go to the faithful servant, but he was allowed to choose one thing from his father’s fortune.

His heart raced as he thought to himself, “What shall I choose?” He pondered and he pondered. Then suddenly, like a flash of light, it came to him what should be his choice. Twirling around and pointing at the faithful servant, the son exclaimed, “I WILL TAKE HIM!” For the young man realized that wrapped up in the faithful servant was all that his father possessed and to possess the servant was to possess all that belonged to his father.

That story is the answer to “why I am a Christian.” Fifty years ago my heart cried out, “I will take HIM.”  For I realized that wrapped up in the Faithful Servant, Jesus Christ, is all the Heavenly Father possesses and to possess Christ is to possess all that belongs to the Father!

For in Christ, the Suffering and Faithful Servant, I discover all my heart longs for. In Him I have found forgiveness for all my sins. He, as my Substitute, paid the sin debt I could never pay and His perfect provision on the cross paid in full the debt owed by all humanity. In Him I have found fulfillment and satisfaction. He gives a peace, purpose and satisfaction this world can’t give, a peace that passes all understanding. In Him I find a Friend that sticks by my side no matter what I go through in life. He never leaves me nor forsakes me. In Him I find a strong tower that I can run to in life’s darkest and toughest hour. In Him I find faith for standing when I don’t understand. Faith means I don’t have to have all the answers, but I hold the hand of the One  who is the Answer when I don’t understand. He is the Rock that holds me up in a world of sinking sand. In Him I have a future hope that is sure. This old life will one day cease, but He has promised, “I am the resurrection and the life. He that believes in me shall never die.”

And in the Faithful Servant is found so much more. All that the Father has for us to experience is wrapped up in Him.  As Paul wrote, “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ” (Ephesians 1:3). All that the heart longs for is found in Christ. He waits for you to exclaim, “I will take HIM.”

My dear friend, He waits your response. I am so thankful that I responded fifty years ago to His invitation. The most important words I ever spoke were on that life changing night half-a-century ago when I emphatically said, “I will take HIM.”


Dr. Dan


When COVID-19 intruded into our lives back in March, who would have dreamed it would have dragged on this long.  Alas, there seems to be no end in sight in the foreseeable future of a return to normalcy.  While there is no question the pandemic has taken a physical and economic toll in people’s lives , it has without question taken a psychological toll. Christians have not been exempted from the negative effects of COVID-19, as it has taken a spiritual toll on the life of many Christians.  During this pandemic Christians have been subjected to the same emotions as that of non-Christians: fear, isolation, helplessness, hopelessness, irritability, frustration, anger, stress, panic and grief. Anxiety has gripped the hearts of many Christians as the result of their routine being interrupted, fear of being exposed to the virus, cut off from family and friends, economic woes, and a sense of helplessness of the inability to do anything about the situation.

As churches have grappled with decisions as how to best gradually reopen the church doors, these  negative emotions have in more than a few instances affected the way some members interact with church leadership.   As this process of regathering has unfolded, this writer, who is currently serving as a Baptist Associational  Director of Missions, has  observed that on the part of some professing Christians the negative emotions that have been bottled up inside since March, have boiled over into  directed attacks on church leadership. Complaints vary from “the pastor is not making good decisions in reopening the doors,” “the pastor has not made consistent connection with the members over the last few months,” “the pastor has no vision to get us back to normal,” “the pastor is not dealing with the pandemic like Slippery Rock Baptist Church down the road,” “church is just not the same,” and the list  goes on and on. All the hostility and irritability that has been kept inside, is spilling over onto church leadership. The pandemic has forced people, and the church, to adapt to a “new normal” and this has caused many church members to feel helpless and frustrated. The pastor/church leadership becoming the ones where people dump their frustration. The loss of one’s normal activities and a sense of losing control of ones life,  has caused some Christian’s to lash out at the pastor in exasperation.

There are many reasons for this expressed frustration toward church leadership. For many the pastor “represents” God, and while their anger and confusion is directed at the pastor, their anger in reality is directed toward God who the Christian feels is able to fix the problem but has not.  The pastor just happens to be the easy target for such anger to be directed. But regardless of the reasons, such directed anger is unfair to the pastor, who himself is frustrated and is searching for answers as how-to best wade through the mire of the pandemic. Such unfair treatment of pastors is causing many to struggle with increased stress, battles with  bouts of depression, and even considering leaving the pastorate.

As Christians we must realize that while we are subject to negative emotions like anyone else, we must not let those emotions take a foothold in our lives. We have the power of the Holy Spirit dwelling within us that allows us to have victory….even in the midst of a pandemic. Whether life will ever go back to “normal” or not, as Christians we must realize greater is He that lives within us than he that is in the world (1 John 4:4). There are some Biblical ways to have victory and not be a pot of boiling water spilling over with negative and destructive emotions. Life is often about adjusting positively to the circumstance, and through this pandemic this is even more important.

First, social distancing doesn’t mean total isolation. With the technology of today we can still stay socially engaged with one another, we can still hear the voices of those we love and care about, we can still see the faces of friends and loved ones. We must mutually encourage and support one another through the technological means available. While this may not be ideal, there is something about hearing another person’s voice and seeing their face that puts a spark of hope in our spirit.

Second, we must not neglect the reading of the Bible. Read the Psalms. Found in the Psalms are all the raw emotions that we encounter. The Psalmist was never timid about carrying his negative emotions and questions to the Lord, but he always discovered the answer was not found within himself but outside of himself in the Lord. One who meditates on the Plasms will find their attitude and emotions being readjusted.

Third, don’t neglect prayer and praise. We should daily count our blessings. It is hard to count one’s blessings and gripe at the same time. A mind focused on what one has  instead of what one doesn’t have is a mind that becomes content and thankful.

Fourth, don’t forget that even through this pandemic God has a glorious plan that goes beyond our comprehension, which He is unfolding in the world, in our nation, in our church life, and our individual lives.  In this time of COVID-19, the glory of God will be revealed in HIS time!

Fifth, don’t forget private and cooperate worship. If one is uncertain about returning to church at this time don’t forget to privately worship the Lord and join in through live streaming. While things are not back to “normal,” if one does feel comfortable attending services with other Christians, it has a strengthening effect on the spirit. While cooperate worship at this point may not be where one would like it, be patient with the pastor and church leadership. One may not be happy where it is at the present, but one can be assured the  leadership is not either. We are all in uncharted waters together.

These days have no doubt been full of challenges, and there will be challenges yet to come, but we need not let negative emotions destroy our inner peace and spill over into attacks on church leadership who are struggling, as well. Instead of preying on church leadership, let us be sure to pray for them.


Dr. Dan


Recently I  read a secular article addressing the decline of America’s greatness. The author seemed to have no answers to the plunging descent of America from the lofty pinnacle it once held on the world scene. Not only did the author have no answers, he wasn’t sure what were the underlying causes for America’s rip in the fabric of her once seemingly invincible super-cape. To discover the answer to America’s descent one must look for an answer that transcends secular reasoning. There can be no lasting greatness without spiritual and moral righteousness. Patrick Henry  correctly stated, “Righteousness alone can exalt America as a nation.”

Flowing from the pen of the Wisdom writer we find words which history has proven over and over to be true, “Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a disgrace to any people” (Prov. 14:34). Can a nation, can a people who make up a nation, forget and violate the righteous moral principles of God and expect to stay a blessed nation? Will God violate His own holy nature and bless that which His nature opposes? Can America expect to continue to remain great when we have willingly and blatantly chosen to defy His moral truths? Some would say it matters not how we live, all will be fine. Others will say we cannot abandon the biblically moral foundation upon which this nation was built without suffering dire consequences. It was the conclusion of a 19th century French statesman, Alexis deTocqueville, that when America ceases to be righteous and morally good she will cease to be great.

In the 1830’s de Tocqueville came to America seeking an answer to her success and blessings. His often-quoted conclusion needs to be revisited, “I sought for the key to the greatness and genius of America in her harbors; in her fertile fields and boundless forests; in her rich mines and vast world commerce; in her public-school system and institutions of learning. I sought for it in her democratic Congress and in her matchless Constitution. Not until I went into the churches of America and heard her pulpits flame with righteousness did I understand the secret of her genius and power. America is great because America is good, and if America ever ceases to be good, America will cease to be great.”

de Tocqueville saw that America’s greatness lay in a people who believed and adhered to living morally accountable and responsible that flowed from a fountainhead of Judeo-Christian influence. He concluded that when such living ceased, the nation’s greatness would also cease. His assessment has proven prophetic.

When any nation makes the decision to separate itself from moral values and principles, as this nation is so obviously doing, it will always bring upon the landscape consequences that come with such moral abandonment. Some seem to think that society can divorce itself from any moral parameters and religious standards and just accept any kind of behavior with no ill consequences. The question is posed, “What is wrong with everyone just living as they please regardless of it how affects others?” Such thinking that becomes adopted by a society eventually leads to moral, societal, cultural, political, and spiritual collapse and anarchy. The Psalmist sums it up by telling us that when a nation forgets God it is turned into a place of chaos, a place of hell (Ps. 9:17).

I challenge anyone to give an example from history of a society that has abandoned moral order and replaced it with the philosophy “each person doing that which is right in their own eyes” that did not eventually collapse as the result of chocking on its own sin. When a society departs from the foundational truths of traditional family values, sanctity of life, hard work, compassion, integrity, honesty, love, self-restraint, moral decency, sobriety, individual responsibility and the individual liberty to pursue life, liberty, and happiness as God given, then you will find a society that is in decline and headed for the dust heap of history.

Now be honest, can this nation survive if we continue to remove the foundational truths on which this nation was built? Can a nation survive that refuses to acknowledge and honor the Creator from all blessings flow, has redefined the institution of marriage, redefined what constitutes a person’s gender, adopts moral perversion  as normal, embraces debauchery, moral relativism, excessive materialism, applauds abortion, an entitlement mentality, and seeks to replace a Christocentric view of life with a godless, humanistic view of life. History teaches us the answer is an unequivocal NO.

To the alert observer this once great nation is plummeting from her pedestal of greatness, and is falling faster than a sky diver without a parachute. Why? The answer is simple: she is ceasing to be righteous. As a nation we have sadly allowed, and even supported, men and women, groups and movements who promote destructive agendas which are morally corrupt and decadent to become the national compass, and as a result we are headed in a destructive direction and spiraling downward. Unless there is a return to what is spiritually and morally right and good this downward trend will continue.  There can be no lasting greatness without righteousness.

Is it too late to return America to the place of the once greatness as de Tocqueville wrote about? I don’t know if it late or not, but the outlook seems bleak. But I do know this, unless there is a return to what is right and good on an individual level there will never be a return to righteousness on a national level. Our moral measuring stick of what is right and wrong, what is good and righteous, is found within the Sacred Volume known as the Bible. There we find a holy God giving us eternally moral and ethical principles and standards that will not only bring order to our lives but bring order to our chaotic society.

There must be a return to what made this nation great, or the greatness that once was a lighthouse and awed the rest of the world will be lost forever. Let the words of de Tocqueville echo in our ears, “When America ceases to be good, America will cease to be great.” Let us remember it is not our goodness that gives birth to greatness, but the righteousness of God and the goodness of our Lord as He reflects His Light of Truth through us in a dark world (Matthew 5:14-16). Only as His light uncompromisingly and lovingly shining through us begins to permeate society, does the greatness of America have any hope of being restored.


Dr. Dan


Seems every group and movement today wants to embrace and attach to themselves a special song they consider to be their national anthem, which is an identifying song that distinguishes the group or movement from others. Well,  I would like to nominate a hymn for the Christian “national anthem.”  But let me give a little background information before revealing the hymn I nominate!

One of my heroes of the Christian faith is Martin Luther (1483-1546). Born in 1483, in Eisleben, Saxony, located in modern-day Germany, Luther was studying to be a lawyer, when in the summer of 1505  he was caught in a horrific thunderstorm and was struck by lightning.  Lying on the rain-soaked ground, he  feared for his life and vowed if God would spare him, he would become a monk. Only two weeks after his brush with death he entered St. Augustine’s Monastery and in 1507 was ordained to the priesthood.  He devoted himself to fasting, laborious hours in prayer, taking pilgrimages, and frequent confession of his sins. Instead of finding peace, he found himself experiencing deep spiritual despair.

His despair drove him to the Word of God and he soon begin to question many of the practices of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1515, while studying the Book of Romans, his eyes were opened to the truth that the only righteousness which will gain one acceptance before a holy God is not found in one’s good works, but by faith and trust in the grace of Jesus Christ and the sufficiency of His death on the cross. Luther taught, as well, that the Bible was the only source of divine revelation and truth. His rejection of the church’s teachings and practices landed him in hot water with the “higher ups” of the church.  On October 31, 1517, he nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of All Saints’ Church in Wittenberg. Luther  was called upon to recant his writings and teachings at the Diet of Worms in April 1521.  He said he would not recant unless scripture proved him wrong and he emphatically stated, “My soul is captive to the Word of God. Here I stand. I can do no other, so help me God.” As a result, he was excommunicated by the pope and condemned as an outlaw by the Holy Roman Emperor. From Luther’s protest of the Roman Church, Protestantism and the Protestant Reformation was born and flourished.

Luther’s convictions and firm stand resulted in him personally experiencing struggles, trials, heartache and dark times in his life. From 1517 to 1527, Luther’s focus on the abuses of the Roman Church brought threats to his life from multiple sources. His reputation was always under attack, his family never felt safe, and his Reformation teachings were constantly being discredited. In August 1527 a friend who espoused Luther’s teachings was martyred. In the fall of 1527, the Black Plague broke out in Wittenberg, and instead of leaving, Luther stayed to minister to the dying. In December 1527, Luther’s daughter, Elizabeth, was born sick. Luther and his wife prayed for her survival but in May 1528, she died. It was about this time Luther wrote to a colleague, “We are all in good health except for Luther himself, who is physically well, but outwardly the whole world and inwardly the devil and all his angels are making him suffer.”  He later wrote that he was undergoing trials in his life that were the worst he had ever experienced.

Luther was going through a very dark period in his life, where his constant companions were persecution, pain, sorrow, uncertainty and death. Luther was mentally and spiritually exhausted, under the load of suffering, yet he took comfort from reading the Psalms. Scholars tell us it was during this dark period of his life, between the years of 1527-1529, that the German Reformer penned his most famous hymn, “A Mighty Fortress is Our God.” Luther based his hymn on Psalm 46, which undoubtedly reflects the reality that God’s people can confidently rest in His protection in the midst of uncertain and chaotic times.  Written during a dark period of his life, Luther intended the hymn to be one of comfort.    Luther’s hymn is one of comfort and hope in the midst of trial, temptation, and fires of testing.

The four stanzas of “A Mighty Fortress of is Our God” read (Read them slowly and let them sink in. Click here to hear it sung by Steve Green):

1.  A mighty fortress is our God, a bulwark never failing;
Our helper He, amid the flood of mortal ills prevailing:
For still our ancient foe doth seek to work us woe;
His craft and pow’r are great, and, armed with cruel hate,
On earth is not his equal.

2.  Did we in our own strength confide, our striving would be losing,
Were not the right Man on our side, the Man of God’s own choosing:
Dost ask who that may be? Christ Jesus, it is He;
Lord Sabaoth, His Name, from age to age the same,
And He must win the battle.

3. And though this world, with devils filled, should threaten to undo us,
We will not fear, for God hath willed His truth to triumph through us;
The Prince of Darkness grim, we tremble not for him;
His rage we can endure, for lo, his doom is sure,
One little word shall fell him.

4.  That word above all earthly pow’rs, no thanks to them, abideth;
The Spirit and the gifts are ours through Him Who with us sideth;
Let goods and kindred go, this mortal life also;
The body they may kill: God’s truth abideth still,
His kingdom is forever.

This is a great hymn of comfort in the midst of pandemics, trial, suffering, sorrow and chaos. This hymn reminds us how Martin Luther, and all Christians,  in the midst of the uncertainties and struggles of life, have a Mighty Fortress in the Lord.  The hymn eventually became the anthem for German protestants. The hymn was sung throughout Germany, often against the objection of the priests. It was sung in the streets when Reformers were being tried. It was sung by poor Protestants emigrants on their way into exile. It was sung by martyrs as they were dying. The hymn is sewn into the very fabric of the history of Protestantism.

The hymn is a celebration and affirmation of the omnipotence and omnipresence of God. The hymn affirms the truth that our Lord has power over all earthly and spiritual forces. The hymn confirms the sure hope we have in God through Jesus Christ. The hymn asserts that long after kingdoms of earth have vanished, the Kingdom of God is forever.

What a hymn it is!  In the uncertain days in which we live, what a hymn of assurance and affirmation of our trust in our Sovereign Lord. And since every group and movement is securing a song to be their national anthem, I nominate “A Might Fortress is Our God.” For our God is indeed Mighty and our Fortress!!


Dr. Dan


There is too much hatred and division in society today. No one seems to be able to get along with others because of the diversity in individuals. Yet it is possible to bond in friendship with someone in whom diversity exists. It is possible to find commonality with those with whom we don’t necessarily “geehaw.” In the fall of 1971, as a college sophomore attending Campbell University,  there came out for cross country a young man named Jerry Dodgion, nicknamed “Bugs.” He only had one year of college left as he had dropped out to join the Marines. After a four year hitch in the military, he returned to college to finish his degree. It turned out he had no athletic eligibility left because of his age, so since he couldn’t run on the team, he became the team manager. Jerry and I were as opposite as yea and nay. We were like light and darkness.   The likelihood of he and I becoming friends was slim and  none.

Yet, in spite of being polar opposites we became friends… good friends. We were as opposite as yea and nay. We were like oil and water. I was 19, he was 27. I was 6 ft ½ inch, he was 5 ft 9 inches. He was a hardcore Marine veteran who had served in Vietnam, I at the time was a pacifist. He was from Virginia, I was from North Carolina. I was a Christian, he was not. He was a math major, I was a religion major. I disliked math, he disliked religion. I was soft spoken, he was outspoken. I was an introvert, he was an extrovert. He was abrasive and said whatever he thought, I kept things to myself and bit my tongue. He was constantly drinking coffee for the caffeine boost, I detested coffee because of the artificial  boost it gave! We disagreed on most every topic we discussed.

The picture is from an article about a marathon Bugs and I ran together in January 1972.

We seemingly had nothing (and I mean nothing) in common, so how did we become good friends? There was one interest we had in common that we both loved….running. Running was our ground of commonality. We trained together, hung out together, ate together, ran races together. The picture is from an article about a marathon Bugs and I ran together in January 1972. We were almost inseparable. Where you saw one you saw the other. We added to the mosaic of who each of us were. We remained friends and in contact beyond our college days. He came to hear me preach several times after I entered the ministry, and the last time I saw him he had started going to church. Sadly, “Bugs” died in April 1996 of an unexpected heart attack. He was only 51. I still miss my friend…the friend in whom we had nothing in common!!

The point of my reminiscing is that it is possible to find common ground with those with whom we may have more diversity than commonality. It would truly be a better world if we laid down our hate, biases and prejudices, and sought to find the commonality in each other and to exhibit love instead of intolerance. It is possible….for “Bugs” and I are proof it can be done!


Dr. Dan



The Bible says in the last days “perilous times” shall come (2 Tim 2:3). The word “perilous” is packed with imagery, picturing a ferocious beast pouncing on its defenseless prey tearing the catch to pieces. We are living in such times, as we witness the spread of mayhem in the streets and the seeds of moral confusion, social unrest,  financial uncertainty, overt Marxist activism and spiritual deception being sown throughout society. We are witnessing the widening of the crack in the dam that had once held back the flood of evil, man’s heart spilling forth unrestrained lawlessness. John in his first epistle writes that the “spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world” (I John 4:1-3).

The aged Apostle writes that we can know we are in the last hour because of the existence and activity of the spirit of antichrist permeating society. John writes, “Children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that antichrist is coming, so now many antichrists have come. Therefore, we know that it is the last hour” (2:18). Now what did John mean by the last hour? The “last hour” (called the “last days” by Paul) is the entire period of time between the first coming and second coming of Christ. However, as the Second Coming of Christ draws nearer, evil will escalate and grow worse and worse (2 Tim. 3:13). There is no question that is happening before our very eyes.

What is meant by the “spirit of antichrist” permeating society? What are the characteristics of the “spirit of antichrist?” Interestingly, the only place in the NT where the word “antichrist” is found is the epistles of John (I John 2:18 (twice), 2:22, 4:3, 2 John 7). The word “antichrist” (Gk ἀντίχριστος/antichristos) is a combination of two Greek words “anti” meaning against or instead of and “Christos” meaning Messiah, Christ, the Anointed One. It is clear from the books of  Daniel and Revelation there is coming a day when there will be a person who will rise to power who will oppose Christ, who will be against all that Christ stands for, who will portray himself as a “savior” but will be a counterfeit Christ.  Before the personage of the Antichrist will be revealed and accepted by the masses, there must be a “spirit of antichrist” that pervades society in order to pave the way for the Antichrist to ascend to power. Today we are witnessing the unfolding of the “antichrist spirit” which is paving the way for his revealing.

How do we recognize the antichrist spirit that is already working among us? John points out several  distinguishing characteristics of the antichrist spirit.

First, the spirit of antichrist rejects the deity of Jesus and that He was God in the flesh. The antichrist rejects the incarnation of Christ. John writes, “Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son” (1 John 2:22). He further writes in I John 4:3, “And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist” (I John 4:3). While society can’t deny the historical reality of Jesus, the antichrist spirit portrays Jesus as a mere man who held high ideals, leaves us an excellent example of how we should live, a wonderful teacher, but He was not God become a man. Of course, if Jesus is not the God-Man, He is incapable of providing for us salvation and deliverance from our sins.

Second, the spirit of antichrist rejects the existence of sin. John writes, “If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us… If we say that we have not sinned we make him a liar, and his word is not in us” (I John 1: 9, 10). The antichrist spirit seeks to convince man that he is not a sinner alienated from his Creator and in rebellion against a holy God, but he is capable of summoning  innate good within him and by his own power and reason bring about the utopia the human heart desires. Of course, if man is not a sinner the message of the cross is unnecessary.  If there is one truth human history has proven is that man is a sinner whose heart is desperately wicked, that man is out of tune with his Creator, and man left to His own power and reason divorced from God only creates a chaotic mess. If one thinks otherwise, just watch the news, read the newspaper, and look in the mirror. The evidence is overwhelming from experience and Scripture that man is a sinner and to contend otherwise is to deceive one’s self.

Third, the spirit of antichrist rejects the moral and ethical precepts of the Bible. John writes, “If…we walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth” (1:6). The antichrist spirit seeks to promote the fallacy that truth is relative and changing according to the whims of society, and the moral and ethical precepts of the Bible are archaic, outdated and those who proclaim those truths are out of touch with reality. The antichrist spirit seeks to convince man that he is smart enough to create his own morality a part from any Divine influence. The antichrist spirit seeks to silence those who promote biblical morality as necessary for an orderly society. It is clear today the rejection of biblical morality and ethics has plunged society into a slide toward implosion and self-destruction.

Fourth, the spirit of antichrist rejects that salvation is found only in Christ. John writes, “And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Savior of the world. Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God” (4:14-15). The antichrist spirit is not altogether against “religion” as long as it is a Christless and crossless “religion.” The antichrist spirit opposes the teaching that Christ is the only “Savior of the world” and the only path to a restored relationship with God. The antichrist spirit promotes there are many ways to God and for one to think Jesus is the only way  one is considered to be narrow minded.  

Fifth, the spirit of antichrist seeks to combine “worship” of the state with “religion.” John’s wording in 1 John 4:14 is deliberate and pointed when he writes that Jesus is “Savior of the world.” The Greek phrase  σωτῆρα τοῦ κόσμου (sotera tou kosmou), has reference to  the Roman Emperor who was called σωτῆρα τοῦ κόσμου,  savior of the world.  Emperor worship was the state religion of the Roman Empire and Roman citizens were expected once a year to acknowledge and give their allegiance to Rome and the emperor. The Roman Empire and the Emperor were seen as supreme. John in calling Jesus “Savior of the world,” σωτῆρα τοῦ κόσμου (sotera tou kosmou), was committing a capital offence,  as he is clearly teaching that salvation is not wrapped up in the supremacy of the state or the emperor, but only in Jesus Christ who alone deserves our worship and allegiance as Savior of the world.  When the Antichrist appears, he will combine the state with a christless religion to form a one world system and will expect the masses to swear their allegiance to both. One would have to be blind not to see the antichrist spirit is quickly moving society in the direction of combining both the state and a christless religion into a one-world system where the state is supreme and the Antichrist is worshipped (2 Thessalonians 2:10-12; Rev. 13:8).

Sixth, the spirit of antichrist in opposing Christ seeks to silence the voice of the church.  As has already been seen, the word antichrist means that which opposes or is against or instead of Christ (I John 2:18 (twice), 2:22, 4:3, 2 John 7). Today the radical progressive left and most  left-wing groups and movements are clearly opposed to the Christ of the cross and the Christian faith. Christianity is a barrier to their agenda of fundamentally changing America and ushering in a godless and Marxist culture.  They are coming after the church. The spirit of antichrist has attached itself to many well-meaning “social justice” groups, the ultimate goal being to silence the church, rid society of Christian influences and create a culture devoid of a Christian voice.   The rush to remove every statue, the changing the names of buildings, businesses, logos, etc. that are deemed to be offensive, is nothing more than the insidious undercurrent of the spirit of antichrist eventually labeling the church as being offensive. The ultimate goal of the antichrist spirit,  like the advancement of the ocean’s evening tide, is to remove from culture the voice of the church; thus, clearing the path for the Antichrist to step into power without significant opposition. One would have to completely shut their eyes to the reality of the day not to see this unfolding.

Yes, the spirit of antichrist  has clearly permeated our culture today. Some may say, “You are overreacting.” My friend, the alarm needs to sound even louder, not less. Everything in our culture today, from the news media, the economy, much of academia, much of professional sports, Hollywood, leftist politics, the apostate churches, has been infected by the spirit of antichrist and opposes the spiritual, moral and ethical teachings  of Christ and Scripture. These avenues of communication desire to deceive people into a false view of who Jesus is and what He taught.

The clock is ticking toward the unfolding of the Great Tribulation as found in the Book of Revelation.  As the spirit of antichrist spreads at an alarming rate, the person of the Antichrist is waiting to step forth from the shadows as soon as all the pieces of the puzzle are put in place (2 Thessalonians 2:6-8).  Yes, the spirit of antichrist is here. It must be recognized that we are in a spiritual war today. We must keep our eyes on Jesus, our noses in the Word and our ears attuned to hear the trumpet sound. Let us pray for a discerning spirit that we will not become vulnerable to the deception of the spirit of antichrist that is among us.

A final word, even with the  pervasive spread of the spirit of the antichrist today, there is no need for the Christian to fear. John reminds us that the Spirit of truth indwells every believer and that we “are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is [Christ] who is in you, than he that is in the world” (I John 4:4). May our confidence rest in that assuring truth.


Dr. Dan


As one reads through First John, the aged Apostle lists many stringent “tests” as to whether one’s Christian profession is genuine. It is easy to say we are Christians, that we love the Lord, but do our lives harmonize with what we profess? In First John 5:3 the Beloved Disciple writes,  “For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments; and his commandments are not grievous.”    John says in this verse our love for the Lord is revealed by two factors: (1) we keep His commandments, and (2) His commandments are not grievous or a burden to us.

First, John indicates our love for the Lord is confirmed by our keeping His commandments. The verb translated “we keep” (τηρῶμεν of tēréō) is present tense, active voice, meaning we habitually and actively keep his commandments.  Tēréō (τηρέω) was a word used to speak of a guard intently guarding his prisoner or any object of value, to guard something carefully. Metaphorically it meant to keep, to observe, to carefully obey. The genuineness of one’s love for the Lord is reflected in one living a life that is seeking to live out the principles and truths of God’s Word, to have a biblical worldview which is expressed in one’s lifestyle. John makes it clear that one’s proclaiming they love the Lord must be backed up by a life actively obeying the truths of God’s Word. If we are not seeking to live a life that honors our Savior and we are ignoring the precepts of His Word, John tells us no matter how loud we proclaim our profession our words are empty as a bucket in a dry well.

Second, John indicates our love for the Lord  is expressed in an attitude that embraces His commandments without grievousness,  without seeing them as a burden. John writes that if we love the Lord then we will not see His commandments as grievous (5:3). The Greek word translated “grievous” (βαρεῖαι from βαρύς – Barus), is found six time in the NT and is translated heavy once, weighty twice and grievous three times. The word “barus” was used to speak of anything heavy or weighty (rock, weight, load, etc.) which presses down on a person with oppressive force. Metaphorically it meant any trouble, burden or problem which weighs us down and becomes spiritually, emotionally, physically or psychologically oppressive to us. So, figuratively “Barus” refers to that which brings affliction, struggle, burdensome or oppression into our lives.

John in using the word “barus” indicates that if we love the Lord His commandments are not a burden or seen as oppressive to us.  When someone says they love the Lord but seeks to cast off God’s moral standards, ethical principles, and virtuous values because it is believed they keep one from expressing their own human impulses and compulsions, then John says while one may say they love the Lord they in reality do not. We are living in a day when many who claim the name of Christ, see God’s commandments as a hindrance in their being able to express their “humanity” and, therefore, seek to cast off His restraints as being grievous (Proverbs 29:18). There are too many professing Christians today when it comes to embracing the moral and ethical principles of the Bible have said, “Let us tear off [His] chains and free ourselves from [His] restraints” (Ps 2:3). Such thinking only reveals one’s profession is false. Man’s sinful nature rebels and is repulsed by the commandments of God, but if one has been born from above by the work of the Spirit, the Lord give’s us a new nature which is not repulsed at the commandments of the Lord but embraces them. We embrace them because we know His commandments have our best interest in mind as we travel the bumpy roads of life.

As Christians we see His commandments as positive, healthy, and as guiding us into being what humanity is meant and designed to be. As Christians we should approach the Bible not as chore to read, but as a love letter wherein we hear our Savior’s voice and find out how He would have us live in our pilgrimage on earth.   Our love for God is proved only by keeping His commandments and they certainly should not seem burdensome or grievous to obey the commands of the One whom we love. Keeping the commandments of God is evidence of our love for the Lord and shows that our love is more than in word and tongue but in our attitude and actions.  The Lord’s commandments are not heavy and burdensome to the regenerate soul, to one in communion with Christ, and to one who has had the love of God shed abroad in their heart.  If in our profession of Christ, we see the Lord’s commandments as a burden that cramps our style, then our profession lacks substance and our words ring hollow.

We love Him because He first loved us (I John  4:19). William Barclay has written, “Our response to Christ is the response of love, and for love no duty is too hard and no task too great. That which we would never do for a stranger we will willingly attempt for a loved one. What would be an impossible sacrifice, if a stranger demanded it, becomes a willing gift when love needs it.”

The Good News is that our Lord empowers us to follow Him. God does not give us his commandments and then go off and leave us to ourselves. He is forever by our side to enable us to carry out what He has commanded. What is impossible for us becomes possible with God. While the commandments of Christ we may find at times difficult, burdensome they are not.  But our Lord never laid a commandment on man without giving him the strength to obey it. And every commandment laid upon us provides another chance to show our love for Him.

Yes, if we call ourselves Christians, John offers two stringent tests that prove our love for the Lord: (1) we habitually keep His commandants, and (2) His commandments are not seen as a burden to us, but an opportunity to reflect our love for Him. Clearly, John’s words give us reason to pause and reflect upon our profession in Christ. Is our profession that we love Him not only expressed in our words, but reflected in an attitude that embraces His commandments in obedience which is visible in our daily lives?


Dr. Dan


 When one reads the Epistle of First John in the English translation (KJV), the reader may draw the conclusion that John not only contradicts himself but that he establishes an impossible test in determining the genuineness of one’s Christian profession, that being “Christian perfection.”  It appears the aged Apostle contradicts himself when one reads what he states in 2:1 compared with 3:9. Is this the case or is there a satisfactory explanation as to what John meant?

In I John 1:8 he makes it clear that all men are sinners and only the provision of Jesus is able to forgive our sins. John writes in 1:8, “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us.” This could be called John’s equivalent to what Paul stated in Romans 3:23, “All have sinned and come short of the glory of God.” All men are sinners and need a Savior. And for one who recognize their sinfulness John writes, “If we confess our sins, he (Father/Jesus) is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” (1:9).

Now once one is a Christian John expresses his desire, “My little children, these things write I unto you that ye sin not” (2:1a). That is the goal, the desire, to sin not. But what if as Christians we do sin? John gives us good news, “And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous (2:1b). When a Christian does sin we have a lawyer, a go-between, an intercessor, and one who pleads our case before the Father who secures our forgiveness, Jesus Christ the righteous.  While the goal, desire and ideal is not to sin, John realizes that as finite creatures the reality is that at times we will sin, but Christ has made provision by His Advocacy to secure our forgiveness and restore our broken fellowship with the Father.

Now when we come to I John 3:9, the Apostle makes a startling statement which appears to contradict what he stated in I John 2:1. In the KJV 3:9 reads, “Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.”

In 2:1 John recognizes that no Christian measures up to the ideal of not sinning; therefore, the need for an Advocate. However, as 3:9 is translated in the KJV it appears John is saying the proof we are genuine Christians is that we don’t sin anymore! Is John advocating Christian perfectionism as to whether we are saved or not? To gain a proper understanding of the verse let us look at in its context by examining I John 3:4-9, which  reads, “Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin. Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.” (KJV)

In 3:4 John says sin manifests itself in lawless rebellion and willful defiance of God, His character being expressed in the Law. In 3:5 John proclaims that Christ, who had no sin, came to earth for the purpose of taking away our sins. In 3:6 John informs us as Christians we need to abide in Him so we will not keep on doing sin. Let it be pointed out the Greek word translated “abide” is a present active participle, meaning to continually remain or abide in Him. The word translated “sin” in the Greek is present indicative active, indicating continual action. In other words, John says in 3:6 if you are not continually abiding in Christ but instead are living in continual sin, you don’t know Him! In 3:7 John says those that continually “doeth” righteousness (“do” Gk poieō) – present active participle, indicating habitual action) prove they are righteous.  In 3:8 he writes that those who continually commit sin are of the devil. Again, the Greek word translated “committeth” is a present active participle, indicating habitual action. Then in 3:9 John writes that whosoever is born of God does not continually commit sin, doesn’t live a habitual lifestyle of sin. Once again, the word translated “commit” is a present active participle, meaning one born again doesn’t live a lifestyle of sin.  The reason the Christian doesn’t live a lifestyle of sin, is God’s seed, His divine life, remains in the believer (3:9). The life principle of Christ indwells the believer who instills within the Christian the desire to flee from sin and enables the Christian to live a victorious life whereby sin is not the habit or way of one’s life.

Now we come to the translation that appears contradictory and has created controversy. John adds in 3:9 that because the “seed” of God abides in the believer, “he cannot sin, because he is born of God.”  The Greek phrase is οὐ δύναται ἁμαρτάνειν (ou dunatai hamartanein).While “he cannot sin” or “not able to sin” is a strict translation it fails to bring out the true thought that is consistent in 3:4-9 and is revealed in the Greek tense of  hamartanein. As has been pointed out, the word translated “commit” in verse 9 is a present active participle, denoting action that is habitual. Gleason Archer insightfully comments, “In one respect this otherwise adequate translation fails to bring out one very important feature of the hamartanein (to sin) after ou dynatai (not able), a present infinitive in Greek implies continual or repeated action.” [1] In other words, no one who is born of God engages in a lifestyle sin. To do so is proof one hasn’t been born of God.

S.M. Baugh also points out that the phrase ou dunatai hamartanein, translated “cannot sin,” is a present infinitive. Baugh writes, “The fact that John chose to use the present infinitive…shows he was thinking about ‘sinning’ in v. 9 as a characteristic action. Hence, John does not teach ‘perfectionism’ that Christians can experience sinlessness in this life. Rather, when he says ou dunatai hamartanein he teaches that the genuine Christian cannot be characterized by a life of unrepentant sin.” [2]

Kenneth Wuest succinctly writes that “cannot sin” in verse 9 is “the present infinitive, [which] in Greek speaks of continuous, habitual action, never the mere fact of the action…The translation therefore is, ‘He is not able to habitually sin.’ The Greek text here holds no warrant for the erroneous teaching of sinless perfection.” [3]

While there are other explanations which seek to explain 3:9, the above explanation as to what is meant by the translation “cannot sin” is both consistent with the thought of John of in 3:4-9 and doesn’t contradict 2:1. While for this writer the KJV is the preferred translation for reading and studying, I John 3:4-9 in the ESV gives a good sense of what John is seeking to convey:  Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. You know that he appeared in order to take away sins, and in him there is no sin. No one who abides in him keeps on sinning; no one who keeps on sinning has either seen him or known him. Little children, let no one deceive you. Whoever practices righteousness is righteous, as he is righteous. Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil. No one born of God makes a practice of sinning, for God’s seed abides in him; and he cannot keep on sinning, because he has been born of God.” (ESV)

John is clear that those who live a lifestyle of sin, who habitually practice sin, are not saved and are not genuine followers of Christ. It might be added, in order the Christian not find a loophole to sin C.H. Dodd has astutely suggested, “The apparent contradiction is probably not to be eliminated, though it may be qualified, by grammatical [astuteness].” [4] The Christian’s life should be markedly different from an unbeliever.  For one to say they are a Christian and live in habitual sin, John doesn’t mince words, “You are a liar and the truth is not in you” (1:8-10). The teaching of John through his epistle refutes those who contend that because of grace one can live a life of habitual sin. Let it not be so in our lives, but instead heed the words of John, “And now, little children, abide in him; that, when [Christ] shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before Him at His coming” (I John 2:28).


Dr. Dan


[1] Gleason Archer, Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1982), 428-429

[2] S.M. Baugh, A First John Reader, (P&R Publishing, 1999), 50-51.

[3] Kenneth Wuest, “I John,” In These Last Days (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Publishing, 1957), 150.

[4] C. H. Dodd, “The Johannine Epistles,” The Moffatt New Testament Commentary (London, 1946),  80.